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Cáncer colorrectal

El cáncer del colón o el recto también se conoce como cáncer colorrectal. En los Estados Unidos, es el cuarto cáncer más común entre los hombres y las mujeres. Si se detecta anticipadamente, con frecuencia es curable.

Es más común en las personas mayores de 50 años de edad y el riesgo aumenta con la edad. Usted está más propenso a presentar un cáncer colorrectal si tiene:


-Pólipos: crecimientos de tejido dentro del colon y el recto que pueden tornarse cancerosos.

-Una dieta rica en grasas.

-Antecedentes familiares o personales de cáncer colorrectal.

-Colitis ulcerativa o enfermedad de Crohn.

Los síntomas pueden incluir sangre en las heces, heces más delgadas, cambios en los hábitos intestinales y malestar estomacal general. Sin embargo, es posible no presentar sintomas en sus inicios, de modo que las pruebas de detección son importantes. Todas las personas mayores de 50 años de edad deben someterse a un estudio para descartar el cáncer colorrectal. La colonoscopía es un método que su médico puede usar para detectar el cáncer colorrectal. El tratamiento incluye cirugía, quimioterapia, radiación o una combinación de todas.

Fuente: Medline Plus

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