Consejos de salud para Colombia y los Colombianos
  Consejos de salud
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¿Cual es el tratamiento contra el cólera?

El tratamiento más importante es la rehidratación, que consiste en reemplazar rápidamente el agua y las sales perdidas como consecuencia de la diarrea y los vómitos graves. La rehidratación temprana puede salvar la vida de casi todos los enfermos de cólera. La mayor parte pueden rehidratarse rápida y fácilmente bebiendo grandes cantidades de una solución de sales de rehidratación oral. Los pacientes gravemente deshidratados necesitan a veces líquidos intravenosos.

Si sufre usted diarrea -especialmente si se trata de diarrea grave- y se encuentra en una zona donde hay cólera, busque de inmediato a un médico u otro dispensador de atención sanitaria suficientemente capacitado. Empiece a beber agua y otros líquidos no azucarados, como sopas, a la espera de recibir tratamiento médico.

¿Es necesario tomar antibióticos u otros medicamentos?
En algunos casos de cólera grave, un antibiótico eficaz puede ayudar a acortar la enfermedad, aunque la rehidratación sigue siendo el principal pilar del tratamiento. Si hay que tratar a toda una comunidad, sin embargo, la administración masiva y preventiva de un antibiótico no limita la transmisión del cólera, y por lo tanto no se recomienda. Tampoco se recomienda el uso de medicamentos antidiarreicos, como la loperamida, que no deben administrarse nunca.

¿Confieren protección las vacunas?
La vacuna anticolérica inyectable que antes se utilizaba confería una protección incompleta, poco fiable y de corta duración, y ya no se recomienda. Los viajeros pueden emplear ahora dos nuevas vacunas orales que confieren una protección razonable por espacio de hasta 3 años. Sin embargo, como esa protección no es del 100%, hay que seguir observando las precauciones higiénicas básicas.

Ningún país exige prueba alguna de vacunación contra el cólera como condición para entrar en él, y el certificado internacional de vacunación ya no reserva un espacio para consignar la vacunación contra esa enfermedad.

Fuente: Fuente: Organización Mundial de la Salud

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